Mongolia , a country known as the land of blue sky , is a landlocked country in the heart of eastern Asia sandwiched between Russia and China . It is one of the oldest countries in the world with extremely long and rich history that has always fascinated the world.
Apart from its amazing history, Mongolia is becoming famous for its spectacular natural beauty and wild life consisted of incredibly vast ‘steppe’ grasslands, majestic mountains reaching up the sky, the vast Gobi desert, crystal clear rivers, and lakes beautifully existing in harmony. Mountains dominate two-thirds of the country while forests cover nearly 10% of the land supporting Wolf, Wild bear, Elk, Deer, Antelope and Brown bear. Steppes and forest margins support Marmot, Muskrat, Fox, Steppe Fox and Sable.
Culture and Tradition:
The Nomadic Mongolian has a full well preserved culture. Today 900,000 nomads inhabit in the vast steppes of Mongolia where perpetuate ancient traditions. The population of Mongolian herders is very geographically dispersed and still lives in yurt (called Ger in Mongolian), a removable housing suited to their lifestyle.
Nomadism is based on the rearing of five species: goats, cattle (including yaks), sheep, camels and horses. A transhumance distance varies by region: if the feed is not too far from the winter camp, as in the steppe, the family moves to less than a hundred kilometers. However, in the desert, the caravan traveled more than 1,000 km and often with more than one ton baggage.
The population of Mongolia amounted to 2.8 million inhabitants by 2013. Although the majority of the population is Mongolian origin (Khalkhas) , which is 86% of the population and the other largest ethnics are Kazakhs in western part and the Buryats in northern part of Mongolia. However, differences between ethnic Mongolian groups are minor.
Approximately 60 % of the population in Mongolia is urbanized, and more than half of the urban population lives in capital city, Ulaan Bator (which increased about 50% in the last 5 years)
For centuries, the economy of Mongolia was based on agriculture and livestock, a trade related to the Silk Road. These are the Mongolians who first contacted the East and West.
As currently, major domestic privatization programs have been undertaken, as well as fostering of foreign direct investment through international tender of the oil distribution company, a leading cashmere wool company, and banks.
Today , Mongolia has a parliamentary system. Representatives are elected by direct universal suffrage for a term of four years. Presidential elections are held every four years. Currently, the President of Mongolia is Elbegdorj Tsakhia.
Territory: 1,566,500 sq. km.
Climate: Continental, with little precipitation and sharp seasonal fluctuations
Average Altitude: 1,350 m above sea-level
Religion: Most of the population are Buddhist, but maintains shamanistic beliefs. Animist beliefs are also very strong in Mongolia long suppressed under the Soviet communist era, shamanistic traditions and shamans, men and women have reappeared since the mid- 1990s. All nomadic tribes try to live in harmony with nature.Tibetan Buddhist Lamaism and Shamanists 90%, Muslim 6% (primarily in the southwest) and Christian 4%
Currency:Tugrick. (November 2013, 1 USD-1600 tugrick 1 Euro-1830 tugrick )
Time: GMT+ 08:00
Tourist season:Peak season July-September, low season June,October.
Dialing code for mongolia is ( 00976 ) for Ulaanbaatar is ( 11 ) Most hotels and guest houses have international direct dialing.