Tours
TRIP TO THE ORKHON VALLEY

Destination:
Ulaanbaatar-Orkhon valley-Naiman nuur national park-
Duration:
9 Days
Hotel:
Price:
3100$
Dates:
Between May to September 2022
Price includes
  • Airport / hotel / airport transfers
  • hotel** in Ulaanbaatar, breakfast included
  • Full board during the excursion
  • Mineral water
  • camp of comfortable yurts with hot shower
  • nights at homestay, under yurt of hosts
  • Travel in comfortable Japanese 4x4 + driver
  • Essence
  • English-speaking guide
  • Horseback riding
  • Local guides during hikes
  • Entrance fees to the parks and museums mentioned
  • Traditional show
  • Kitchen equipment (camping tables and chairs) and sleeping equipment (down)
Price excludes
  •   Transport international
  •   Passport & Visa Fees
  •   Repatriation insurance
  •   Travel insurance
  •   Extra drinks / alcohols
  •   Meals in Ulaanbaatar
  •   Calls
  •   Any excursion not mentioned in the program
Itinerary
Itinerary

Day 1 Ulaanbaatar

Arrival on Ulaanbaatar. Transfer to the hotel. Lunch in a Mongolian restaurant  to discover local dishes. In the evening planned a traditional show.

Ulaanbaatar (in Mongolian:"Red Hero") is the capital of Mongolia. It is at the same time the political, economic, industrial, scientific and cultural center. Administratively, it has the status, unique in the country, of municipality, comparable to that of province. The city, which stretches from east to west at the bottom of the valley of the Tula River, over twenty kilometers, brings together more than a million inhabitants, more than a third of the country's population.

The city changed its name several times in its history; at its creation in 1639, örgöö which gives the famous translation Urga, in 1651 Nomyn khüree , in 1706 Ikh khüree , in 1912 Niislel khüree and finally in 1924, the current name, Ulaanbaatar.

Ulaanbaatar is located 522 km  south-southeast of Irkutsk, Russia,1,170  km northwest of Beijing 1,557  km  east-northeast of Ürümqi ,China and 4,635 km east-southeast of  Moscow. The city is built along the Tula River, a stream belonging to the Selenge sub-basin. To the southeast of the city is the Choybalsan Uul a small regional massif culminating at 2,261 m and belonging to the Khentii Mountains. The latter mountainous set, more important, limits the Tula Valley to the north and continues to Russia. Ulaanbaatar is the coldest capital of the world, it benefits a continental climate cold and dry. Winter is cold and long while summer is short and cool. Almost all precipitation occurs in summer.

Day 2 Ulaanbaatar-Karakorum-Erdenezuu

Ulaanbaatar-Karakorum- Erdenezuu 317 km

Departure for Karakorum the ancient capital of the Mongol Empire. Lunch on the way.

The capital of the Mongol Empire

In the early thirteenth  century,  Genghis Khan  established Mongol rule over a territory that stretched from the Pacific to the Caspian Sea, founding an empire that included the steppes of Mongolia, Korea, North China, and part of Central Asia. This empire is initially devoid of a capital because the Mongols are nomads. Around 1220, Genghis Khan  established his base camp, leaving women and central administration during his military campaigns, on the site of Karakorum (name meaning "black rock"), located at the foot of the Khangai Mountains on the left bank of the Orkhon atributary of the Selenge. Karakorum is a significant site, some 25 km from the ancient Uyghur capital Qara Balgassun (eighth  century).

Genghis Khan died in 1227 and was succeeded by his son Ögödei, who around 1235 began work on transforming the Karakorum into a capital city. A wall was built, because it was the symbol of any city. Later, Marco Polo  mentions a simple earthen embankment and Guillaume de Rubrouck  a brick wall. Four doors open on the four cardinal points. Two huge granite statues depicting turtles, with Sinisant-style inscriptions, adorn the East Gate that leads to China.

Karakorum is open to all religions and peoples of the Empire. Its inhabitants are almost all foreigners, because the Mongols refuse to settle down. Two large districts dominate: that of the Chinese and that of the Saracens, mainly craftsmen and artists. The Mongolian capital shows a high quality of life. Archaeologists have spotted hot air heating systems, irrigation canals and water supply. Agriculture appears near the city to feed the inhabitants, but Karakorum depends on agricultural imports from China.

The imperial palace, called Qarchi ("castle") by the Mongols and Wan-an kung ("Palace of the Thousand Tranquility") by the Chinese, rises in the center of a courtyard surrounded by several enclosures, the largest measuring 200 meters by 225. A mound 28 meters high hosts the imperial yurt. Guillaume de Rubrouck reports that the palace itself adopted a basilical plan with five naves, separated by large wooden pillars. The great khan sits at the bedside, sitting like a god above the subjects on a podium with two access stairs. But the Mongolian palace remains on the whole very simple. It reflects the hesitant first steps of a people who still know nothing about architecture and urban planning. In 1256 Möngke, the fourth great khan, built a huge five-storey stupa, one hundred meters high, which revealed the favors that the Mongols granted to Buddhism.

Visit to the Monastery of Erdenezuu

Once we have arrived on site we will visit the most beautiful and oldest Buddhist monastery Erdenezuu built between 1585 and 1586. The stones from the ruins of Karakorum  were used in the construction. It is surrounded by a wall presenting 108  stupas,108 is a sacred number in Buddhism, and the number of pearls in a Buddhist rosary (mala). The monastery was damaged by war in the 1680s, but was rebuilt in the eighteenth  century and by 1872 it included 62 complete temples inside. For centuries, Erdene Zuu was the most important religious shrine in Mongolia. In 1939 communist leader Horloogiyn Choybalsan  destroyed the monastery, as part of a purge that resulted in the disappearance of hundreds of monasteries in Mongolia and the death of more than ten thousand monks. Three small temples and the outer wall with the stupas remained; the temples became museums in 1947. It is said that this part of the monastery was spared from destruction because of pressure from Joseph Stalin. One researcher claims that it was US President Franklin Roosevelt  who asked Stalin to spare the monastery in 1944.

Erdene Zuu could have existed as a museum only; the only functioning monastery in Mongolia was Gandantegchinlin Monastery in the capital, Ulaanbaatar. However, after the fall of communism in Mongolia in 1990, the monastery was handed over to the lamas and Erdene Zuu became a place of worship again. The site was restored at the end of the century and has partially regained its religious aspect. Today Erdene Zuu remains an active Buddhist monastery as well as a museum that is open to tourists.

After the site visit installation in a yurt camp. Dinner at the yurt camps.

 

Day 3 Karakorum-Orkhon valley

Khrakhorum-Orkhon Valley 130  km

Before leaving Karakorum we will visit the Archaeological Museum, a nice little museum very interesting.

The exhibits include dozens of objects dating from the thirteenth  and fourteenth  centuries discovered in the immediate vicinity, as well as others, unearthed in other parts of the aimag, including prehistoric stone tools. You will also see pottery, bronzes, coins, religious statues and stone inscriptions. A half-dug up ceramic kiln is also on display in the museum floor. Perhaps the most interesting is the scale model of Karakorum, which represents the city as described in the 1250s by the missionary William of Rubrouck.

Installation in a yurt camp.

Day 4 Orkhon valley-Ulan Tsutgalan falls

We stay on site in the valley to do an equestrian hike or a hike. 10 km

Visit of the Ulaan-Tsutgalan Falls

16 meters high and formed 20,000 years ago following numerous earthquakes and volcanic eruptions, the Orkhon Falls flow on a black stone transforming any ray of sunshine into a rainbow... A real colorful show not to be missed! Successive irruptions have covered the Orkhon valley with black volcanic rocks, which emerge in the middle of a green steppe. The falls themselves form a very pleasant site. The Orkhon River digs at this point a green gorge about twenty meters deep, and large  övöo are erected at the top of the cliffs and at the foot of the falls, as if to better remind us how important these falls are in Mongolian culture. Due to drought, falls are often limited to a tiny flow, but when going down the river, smaller falls are found a little further away. And if you visit them on a rainy day, you will see them with all their power. In both cases, the surroundings are superb.

Yurt camps

Day 5 Orkhon valley-Naiman nuur national park

Orkhon Valley-Naiman National Park nuur  180km

Naiman Nuur National Park

The Naiman Nuur region was formed as a result of volcanic eruptions that have taken place through the centuries.The park is located at 2400 meters above sea level, and an area of 11,500 hectares was declared a National Park in 1992.The landscape of the park is superb.

The national park is located in a high mountain area. In the north of the protected area, there are valleys strewn with volcanic stones. The mountain peaks are arid. The area is very cool, and snowstorms are not uncommon in June, or from mid-August.   At the end of the world, so far from civilization, do not miss this authentic trip to spend unforgettable moments with the local people.

Nomadic family

Day 6 Naiman nuur national park

Horseback riding and hiking around the 8 lakes. 20 km

Nomadic family

Day 7 Naiman nuur national park-Mini gobi-Khogno khan

Naiman National Park nuur- Mini Gobi-Khogno Khan- Monastery of Monk Erdene 150 km

Departure for Elsen Tasarkhai a place called Mini Gobi is an 80 km long sand dune that extends west of Khogno Khan Mountain, starting on the west side of Batkhaan Mountain, crossing the territory of Erdenesant village of Tuv region, Burd village of Uvurkhangai region and Rashaant village of Bulgan region.  The main road divides this sand dune, the southern part is called Mongolian sand and the northern part is called Khogno tarna sand. Under the influence of the Tarna River, the sand is wet and shrubs like willow, elm grow there. The landscape is very varied here.

Khögno Khan Nature Reserve is one of the 47,000 hectares of Khögnö Tarna National Park. Khögno Khan Mountain is a mountain revered by Mongolians and the subject of some ceremonies. You can go for a horse ride there.

The monastery of monk Erdene

Founded in 1640, restored by Zanabazar in 1693. Mongolia's first religious leader Zanabazar dedicated this place for his monk teacher Erdene. early twentieth century about 1000 monks resided there. This monastery suffered the political repression of 1937 and totally destroyed by the communists. Since 1992 the restoration is started by Davaa, a former monk from here. Currently you can visit the ruins, the restored temple and admire the pretty landscape of the surroundings.

 

Day 8 Khogno khan-Ulaanbaatar

Khogno Khan-Ulaanbaatar 280  km

Departure for Ulaanbaatar. We enjoy the last day of our trip.

Day 9 Return

 
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