Tours
Bus Trip for large groups

Destination:
Ulaanbaatar-Terelj-Khustai-Mini Gobi-Karakorum
Duration:
7 days
Hotel:
Price:
1100$
Dates:
Between May to September 2022
Price includes
  • Airport / hotel / airport transfers
  • hotel** in Ulaanbaatar, breakfast included
  • Domestic flights
  • Full board during the excursion
  • Mineral water
  • camp of comfortable yurts with hot shower
  • nights at homestay, under yurt of hosts
  • Travel by car + driver
  • Essence
  • English-speaking guide
  • Horseback riding
  • Camel ride
  • Local guides during hikes
  • Entrance fees to the parks and museums mentioned
  • Traditional show
  • Kitchen equipment (camping tables and chairs) and sleeping equipment (down)
Price excludes
  •   Transport international
  •   Passport & Visa Fees
  •   Repatriation insurance
  •   Travel insurance
  •   Extra drinks / alcohols
  •   Meals in Ulaanbaatar
  •   Calls
  •   Any excursion not mentioned in the program
Itinerary
Itinerary

Day 1 Ulaanbaatar

Arrival on Ulaanbaatar. Transfer to the hotel. Lunch in a Mongolian restaurant  to discover local dishes. In the evening planned a traditional show.

Ulaanbaatar ( in Mongolian: "Red Hero") is the  capital  of  Mongolia. It is at the same time the political, economic, industrial, scientific and cultural center. Administratively, it has the status, unique in the country, of  municipality,comparable to that of province.

The city, which stretches from east to west at the bottom of the valley of the Tula River, over twenty kilometers, brings together more than a million inhabitants, more than a third of the country's population.

The city changed its name several times in its history; at its creation in 1639, örgöö  which gives the famous translation  Urga, in  1651 Nomyn khüree  ,in 1706  Ikh khüree , in 1912 Niislel khüree  and finally in 1924, the current name, Ulaanbaatar.

Ulaanbaatar is located 522 km  south-southeast ofIrkutsk, Russia,1,170  km northwest of  Beijing,1,557 km  east-northeast of Ürümqi, China and 4,635  km  east-southeast of  Moscow. The city is built along the Tula River,  a stream belonging to the Selenge sub-basin. To the southeast of the city is the  Choybalsan Uul,a small regional massif culminating at 2,261  m and belonging to the  Khentii Mountains.The latter mountainous set, more important, limits the Tula Valley to the north and continues to Russia.

Ulaanbaatar is the coldest capital of the world, it benefits a continental climate froid and  dry.  Winter is cold and long while summer is short and cool. Almost all precipitation occurs in summer.

Day 2 Ulaanbaatar-Terelj National Park

Gorkhi-Terelj National Park located in the valley of the Terelj River about 66 km from the city center of  Ulaanbaatar . A small southern part of the park is developed for tourists, with restaurants, souvenir shops, horses and camels for rent and tourist ger camps. However, most of the park is under developed and difficult to access. Attractions include Khagiin Khar Lake, a glacial lake 20 m deep 80 km upstream of the tourist camps, and Yestii Hot Springs, natural hot springs 18 km further upstream. The park is also home to a Buddhist monastery open to visitors.The park's wildlife includes brown bears and more than 250 species of birds. The Tuul River flows through the park.

The park has many rock formations for climbers and includes two famous formations named for things they resemble: Turtle Rock (Mongolian: Melkhii Khad)  and the old man reading a book (Praying Lama Rock). Many Westerners discovered Gorkhi-Terelj National Park when the CBS reality show The Amazing Race visited  the park in the second episode of its tenth season.

Day 3 Terelj-Tsonjin Boldog-Khustai National Park

The equestrian statue of  Genghis Khan was erected in 2008 on the banks of the Tula River in Tsonjin Boldog, 54 km east of the Mongolian capital Ulaanbaatar. 30 meters high, made of hollow stainless steel, it weighs some 250 tons, the total height with the building rises to 40 meters.

According to legend, Genghis Khan found a gold cow in this place. The statue is oriented to the east, towards the birthplace of the conqueror, and stands above a ten-meter high visitor center that serves as its base, surrounded by 36 columns representing the 36 khans,from the first, Genghis Khan, to the last, Ligdan Khan. It was designed by sculptor D. Erdenebileg and architect J. Enkhjargal.

Visitors enter the interior of the statue and reach the head of the horse, from where they have a panoramic view. The site is surrounded by a camp of 200 yurts,arranged in the shape of a horseshoe, an animal used by Mongolian tribes of the  thirteenth century.

The cost of the set amounts to $ 4.1 million, invested by the Mongolian company The Genco Tour Bureau.

Khustaïn Nuruu National Park,whose name means  "the birch chain",is located 90 km southwest of the capital, at 1843 meters above sea level in the sum of Altanbulag. It is bordered to the west by the Avdar Mountain.

This nature reserve, created in 1992, covered an area of 506 km² before becoming in 1998 a national park (area of 500 km²) with the objective of reintroducing Przewalski's horses,"takhis",and protecting the ecosystem of the forest steppe,extremely threatened by over exploitation of the land. It is home to  459 species of plants,85 species of lichens, 90 species of mosses, 33 species of fungi, and  44 species of mammals  are recorded as red deer, Mongolian gazelle, roe deer, gray wolf, lynx, red fox. Also present in the park are  217 species of birds  including golden eagle, bearded vulture, great bustard, singing swan, black stork, partridge. The reserve includes both desert and mountainous areas.

Day 4 Khustai Nuruu National park-Mini Gobi

Khugnu Khan Nature Reserve is located in 250kms west of Ulaanbaatar. It was being protected as a natural reserve by the state since in 1997 and formed as a national park in 2003. The national park has unique landscape that shows gobi desert, mountain steppe and forest steppe in such harmonized view. Khugnu Khan Nature Reserve covers 84,390 hectare land. It is comprised of Khugnu Khan Mountain range and Elsen tasarkhai (locals call it ‘mini-gobi’) which is a part of the Ikh Mongol sand dunes stretches through 80km with width of 5km.

Khugnu Khan mountain is situated in the region of Khangai Moutain Range, which of Quaternary sediments, and geologically compounded with mostly granite stones. It is said that the Khugnu Khan Mountain was formed during Paleozoic and Mesozoic eras so the area is covered with sediments such as sandstones, blunt slates, argillite, granite and marble and high potassium alkaline basaltic rocks related to those eras.Forest area of Khugnu Khan Mountain is a southern part of Mongolian forest region and located in the mountainside and north parts, mostly larches, Populus tremula- betula wood and scots pines. And high steppes are covered with Caragana microphyla. Seeing from the landscape formation, it is obvious that the area has abundant of wild animals such as grey wolf, corsac fox, red fox, wild boar, steppe polecat, Pallas’ cat, red deer, wild sheep ‘Argali’, etc.

Day 5 Mini Gobi-Karakorum

The capital of the Mongol Empire

In the early thirteenth  century,  Genghis Khan  established Mongol rule over a territory that stretched from the Pacific to the Caspian Sea, founding an empire that included the steppes of Mongolia, Korea, North China, and part of Central Asia. This empire is initially devoid of a capital because the Mongols are nomads.

Around 1220, Genghis Khan  established his base camp, leaving women and central administration during his military campaigns, on the site of Karakorum (name meaning "black rock"), located at the foot of the Khangai Mountains on the left bank of the Orkhon atributary of the Selenge. Karakorum is a significant site, some 25 km from the ancient Uyghur capital Qara Balgassun (VIIIth  century).

Genghis Khan died in 1227 and was succeeded by his son Ögödei, who around 1235 began work on transforming the Karakorum camp into a capital city.

A wall was built, because it was the symbol of any city. Later, Marco Polo  mentions a simple earthen embankment and Guillaume de Rubrouck  a brick wall. Four doors open on the four cardinal points. Two huge granite statues depicting turtles, with Sinisant-style inscriptions, adorn the East Gate that leads to China.

Karakorum is open to all religions and peoples of the Empire. Its inhabitants are almost all foreigners, because the Mongols refuse to settle down. Two large districts dominate: that of the Chinese and that of the Saracens, mainly craftsmen and artists. The Mongolian capital shows a high quality of life. Archaeologists have spotted hot air heating systems, irrigation canals and water supply. Agriculture appears near the city to feed the inhabitants, but Karakorum depends on agricultural imports from China.

The imperial palace, called Qarchi ("castle") by the Mongols and Wan-an kung ("Palace of the Thousand Tranquility") by the Chinese, rises in the center of a courtyard surrounded by several enclosures, the largest measuring 200 meters by 225. A mound 28 meters high hosts the imperial yurt. Guillaume de Rubrouck reports that the palace itself adopted a basilical plan with five naves, separated by large wooden pillars. The great khan sits at the bedside, sitting like a god above the subjects on a podium with two access stairs. But the Mongolian palace remains on the whole very simple. It reflects the hesitant first steps of a people who still know nothing about architecture and urban planning.

In 1256 Möngke,the fourth great khan, built a huge  five-storey stupa, one hundred meters high, which revealed the favors that the Mongols granted to Buddhism.

Visit to the Monastery of Erdenezuu

Day 6 Karakorum-Ulaanbaatar

Karakorum-Ulaanbaatar  343km

Back to Ulaanbaatar Shopping and visiting the cashmere factory.

Day 7 Return

 
Map

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